There are many times that you ask me about terminologies related to diet under my recipes or blog posts, so I thought of making you a #NutriGlossary in order to answer -if not all- some of your questions. In fact, while searching, I found some more terms that I have added to the #NutriGlossary and that surely - if you do not already know them - you will have seen them or you will see them a lot on social media. So, shall we start and see the first part of the #NutriGlossary?
Ayurvedic diet: This diet comes from India and includes foods such as fruits, vegetables, minimal to no consumption of meat, minimal to no consumption of processed foods or foods high in fat, saturated and trans fats, sugar, and salt. It encourages the consumption of foods that are made from pure ingredients at home and that you should choose according to your dosha. Dosha is the energy pattern that flows around the body of each person and concerns his/her physical-spiritual characteristics and body type.
Anthropometry: It is the use of various measurements of the body such as weight, height, and circumference, e.g. arm or waist, which -in combination with the age or gender- can help us make a more accurate nutritional assessment and comprehend the nutritional status of an individual. This way, one can understand whether the individual is growing normally or if there is -for example- some form of malnutrition.
Veganism: It is the diet-lifestyle -and philosophy of life- that excludes the consumption of all animal products and their derivatives. The people who follow it protect the animals and do not support any exploitation that has to do with food, clothes, or for some other purpose e.g. animal experiments. The main purpose of this diet and lifestyle is to protect animals, humans, the environment and to adopt solutions that contribute to the protection of all.
Bioavailability: Bioavailability – as a nutrition term – refers to the absorption of a nutrient by the digestive system and its flow into the bloodstream, so that it can be used for basic body functions. Each nutrient has its own "degree" of bioavailability and we should know that the higher the bioavailability is, the better the absorption.
DASH diet: Along with the Mediterranean diet, this one is also considered a very balanced diet which has the reduction and the prevention of hypertension as its main goal. DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It also includes foods such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, legumes, nuts, beans, low-fat and low-salt dairy products, chicken, and fish. In addition, foods that are low in salt, saturated fats, and sugar are preferred in this diet, as well as foods that are high in potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
Lacto-vegetarian diet: It is the vegetarian diet that includes fruits, vegetables, cereals, and dairy products. That is, vegetarians who follow it have all dairy products in their diet, such as cheese, milk, yogurt and simply do not consume eggs.
Ovo-vegetarian diet: It is the vegetarian diet that includes fruits, vegetables, cereals, and eggs. That is, vegetarians who follow it have eggs in their diet but not any dairy products such as milk, yogurt, or cheese.
Pescatarian diet: It is the diet that includes fruits, vegetables, cereals, dairy products, eggs, and fish. People who follow this diet include in their diet all the products that a vegetarian consumes (and cheese, milk, yogurt, eggs) and, in addition, they consume fish and seafood.
So, what did you think of this #NutriGlossary? Isn't it very interesting to finally find out what words we often hear refer to?
You will soon read the sequel to #NutriGlossary (part 2) with another 7 + 1 nutrition terms, so... just #staytuned!
This article was written in collaboration with the scientific advisor-sports nutritionist Anna Maria Volanaki, MSc, BDA, SENr, INDI.
The website akispetretzikis.com offers as a service a variety of articles, based on scientific sources. All the articles are provided as general information and no text should be used as a substitute for advice from a physician or another health scientist, regardless of the date it has been published.